Facts About India For Kids Homework Websites


Food:

India is known as the land of spices! From north to south, east to west, there is a large variety of food found in India.
Mughlai food is a famous North Indian cuisine made with a blend of spices, cream and vegetables or meat. It is enjoyed best when eaten with Indian breads called Naan and Tandoori Roti or white rice. Flour pancakes called Paranthas made with a choice of potatoes, cauliflower, or minced meat stuffing is a popular food for breakfast and lunch. Chhole bhature is a tasty combination of spicy chickpeas and deep fried dough famous all over the country. Biryani is an-all time favorite (pilaf) rice amongst many Indians. It can be made with mixed vegetables or meat.
Dosa and idli are famous rice based South Indian dishes that are usually eaten with a lentil soup called sambar. Indian sweets like bread or rice puddings called kheer, sweetened milk rolls called rasgulla and sweet fried dough called gulab jamun are a treat to the sweet tooth.

Clothes:

The sari is the most traditional piece of clothing worn in India. It is 9 yards of cloth elegantly draped by most Indian women. It comes in a variety of colors, design and fabric so it can be worn on all occasions as well as weddings.
Kurta-pajama or salwaar-kameez is a traditional two-piece set of tunic with pants and a scarf worn casually by many Indian men and women. Children and younger adults usually wear western outfits.

Festivals, holidays, Celebrations:

Diwali is the biggest Hindu celebration in India and marks the beginning of the Indian New Year. It is called the festival of lights and celebrates the victory of good over evil.
Besides Diwali, Holi and Rakhi are popular festivals. Holi is the celebration of colors and Rakhi is the celebration of the brother-sister relationship. Many more such festivals like Ganeshchaturthi, Navratri, Karwachauth, Onam, Baisakhi, Lohri, etc are celebrated in India that spread the message of love, peace and happiness. Many Indians celebrate Eid and Christmas as well.
August 15 – Indian Independence Day, January 26 – Indian Republic Day, October 2 – Gandhi Jayanti (Gandhi’s birthday) are official holidays in India. One special school holiday celebrated is on the birthday of India’s late Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru (November 14) who was very fond of kids.

Famous Stories or Epics:

Ramayana and Mahabharata are the oldest and most well known religious epics of India. Ramayana is the story of Lord Rama and his heroic deeds. Mahabharata is a tale of two families, namely the Pandavas and the Kauravas who fight a battle against one another to be the next king. Both stories are extremely long and detailed filled with drama, action and a moral that explains karma, which means, good things happen to people who do good to others and bad things happen to those who do bad to others.


Children’s Game:

One very popular Indian game played by all ages in India especially Indian children is the game of Antakshari. It is a music-based fun game that involves singing Indian movie songs. Two or more teams sing in turns starting from the last letter of the previous song sung by the other team. It is point based and the team that earns maximum points wins the game.

Verbal or nonverbal communication:

Namaste is a common form of greeting used by most Indians with both hands joined together as in prayer. Touching the feet of elders is considered a form of paying respect. India is the birthplace of Yoga. Yoga is the oldest and most popular form of meditation now practiced all over the world. It involves making a series of postures that are good for the body and mind.

Values:

Indians generally are God fearing and religious people. They strongly believe in the existence of God and His divine powers. Hindus worship idols of many Gods and Goddesses and follow various rituals and superstitions.
Also most Families in India live together as one big family. For example, children live with their parents, grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins all in one house. Indians believe that joined families provide love, respect, help and support amongst the family members.

Fun facts:

There are 26 states in India and almost each of them has their own language. Hindi is the national language of India and there are 15 other regional languages spoken in the rest of the states. Each state also has its own dress, food, custom, dance, music and art. India is a country of all kinds of people from many different backgrounds and cultures.
The Indian movie industry called Bollywood is perhaps as big as Hollywood today. The interesting thing about Indian movies is that they are mostly musical each including a variety of songs and dances.

Famous places:

The Taj Mahal of Agra, built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and India’s most famous tourist attraction. It is a monument built completely in lovely white marble. Jaipur located in the state of Rajasthan commonly known as the Pink City of India is famous for its beautiful palaces. These palaces are massive and mostly built in pink and red stone. Guests who stay in some of these palace-like hotels are also treated like Maharajas and Maharanis (kings and queens of India). Mumbai situated in the state of Maharashtra, is one of the most important and popular cities in the world. It is compared to New York City of the United States for various reasons. Mumbai offers the best of shopping, food and entertainment. It is a must visit for tourists as well as Indians.

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Credentials

Indian Culture for Children By DinoLingo Writer: Stuti Jaggi Khanna
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Categories Indian CultureCategories bolywood, history, India, Indian culture, Indian food, Indian movies, Indian music, sari, Taj Mahal

Geography >> Asia >> India History and Timeline

India

Capital: New Delhi

Population: 1,205,073,612

The Geography of India

Borders:China, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indian Ocean

Total Size: 3,287,590 square km

Size Comparison: slightly more than one-third the size of the US

Geographical Coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E

World Region or Continent:Asia

General Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Geographical Low Point: Indian Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Major Cities: NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)

Major Landforms: Himalayan Mountain Range, Punjab Plain,Thar Desert, Chin Hills, Khasi Hills, Deccan Plateau, Mount Kangchenjunga, Coastal Plains

Major Bodies of Water: Ganges River, Brahmaputra River, Godavari River, Wular Lake, Chilika Lake, Loktak Lake, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Laccadive Sea, Indian Ocean


Taj Majal


Famous Places: Taj Majal, India Gate, Lotus Temple, Jama Masjid, Qutub Minar, Mysore Palace, Ajanta Caves, The Red Fort, Ganges River, Lake Palace, Virupaksha Temple, Goa beaches, Kanha National Park, Golden Temple in Amritsar

Economy of India

Major Industries: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software

Agricultural Products: rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish

Natural Resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Major Exports: textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures

Major Imports: crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals

Currency: Indian rupee (INR)

National GDP: $4,421,000,000,000

Government of India

Type of Government: federal republic

Independence: 15 August 1947 (from UK)

Divisions: India is divided up into 28 states and 7 union territories. The largest of the Indian states by population are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Bihar. As of 2011 Uttar Pradesh had a population of around 200 million. The largest states by area are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. The capital city of Delhi is considered a union territory.

National Anthem or Song: Jana-Gana-Mana (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)

National Symbols:
  • Animal - Bengal tiger
  • Bird - Peacock
  • Reptile - King cobra
  • Aquatic animal - Ganges River dolphin
  • Tree - Banyan tree
  • Fruit - Mango
  • Emblem - Three lions from the Lion Capital of Ashoka
  • Motto - Truth alone triumphs
  • Other symbols - River Ganges, Indian elephant, Taj Majal
Description of flag: The Indian flag, called the Tricolour, was adopted on July 22, 1947. It consists of three horizontal stripes of saffron (top), white (middle), and green (bottom). At the center is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes called the Ashoka Chakra. The color saffron represents courage and sacrifice, the color white stands for truth and purity, and the color green represents prosperity.

National Holiday: Republic Day, 26 January (1950)

Other Holidays: There are a number of holidays celebrated in India. Which holidays are celebrated depends on the religion and area where a person lives. The three national holidays are Republic Day (January 26), Independence Day (August 15), and Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday (October 2). Other popular holidays and celebrations include Raksha Bandhan, Navratri, Diwali, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Easter, and Christmas (December 25).

The People of India

Languages Spoken: English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language

Nationality: Indian(s)

Religions: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Origin of the name India: The name "India" comes from the Persian word "Indus" for Hindus. The people of India generally refer to their country as Bharat or Hindustan. Bharat is an official name called out in the Indian Constitution.


Mahatma Gandhi

Famous People:
  • Akbar the Great - Mughal Emperor
  • Amitabh Bachan - Actor
  • Satyendra Bose - Physicist
  • Deepak Chopra - Author and doctor
  • Indira Gandhi - Prime Minister of India
  • Mahatma Gandhi - Civil rights activist
  • Shahrukh Khan - Actor
  • Narayan Murthy - Entrepreneur
  • Jawaharlal Nehru - World leader and India's first prime minister
  • Aishwarya Rai - Actress
  • Ravi Shankar - Musician
  • Sachin Tendulkar - Cricket player
  • Mother Teresa - Civil rights activist


Geography >> Asia >> India History and Timeline


** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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