I would have to say I agree somewhat with all the viewpoints on causes and treatments for substance abuse. In my opinion, there is not one certain cause that persuades an individual to begin abusing substances. There is not one specific treatment that proves to be effective for substance abuse. Just as no two individuals are the same, the same is true for the causes and treatments for substance abuse. What caused one individual to become a substance abuser may be totally different from another individual’s cause. This is why the treatment for each individual must be different as well. It all depends on finding which course of treatment will work best for a specific individual. The sociocultural view supports the belief that personal behavior is shaped by their environment. Family, culture, and the society they live in would be included in their environment. This view is basically stating that individuals from lower socioeconomic levels have a higher probability of developing addiction problems than others. This could be blamed in part to being presented with more difficulties and hardships in life. People living in these conditions are less likely to receive the help they need. Without the proper treatment, these
“Mood disorders refer to a category of mental health problems that include all types of depression and bipolar disorder. Mood disorders are sometimes called affective disorders” (The Ohio State University Medical Center, n.d.). Feelings of sadness and despair happen to everyone at some time in their lives, but do not last for an extended period of time. The mood disorder, depression; however, is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and hopelessness. Bipolar disorder and unipolar depression are two mood disorders that I will be discussing in this paper. These two disorders differ in several ways, but depression is the root of both disorders. Bipolar Disorder “Bipolar disorder is characterized by unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out everyday tasks” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). These shifts in mood are different from normal bouts of moodiness individuals may experience; they are severe in the individual suffering from bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder experience changes in mood ranging from manic to depression. Cases of unipolar depression are more common than bipolar disorder. “The mood episodes experienced by the bipolar individual can also be in the form of a mixed state”. “A mixed state is characterized by symptoms of mania and depression occurring at the same time” (MedicineNet, 1996-2010). “Depression is the opposite of mania and causes extreme sadness and hopelessness. Mania causes extreme mood elevations and high energy levels. Mania can often result in poor judgment, recklessness, and destructive behavior” (WebMD, 2005-2010). Mania is the main symptom that differentiates bipolar disorder from unipolar depression.